Treasury Rate Movements, September 2017

Oct 3, 2017
US treasury rates by maturity

Short-term rates resumed their steady rise in September and medium and long-term rates returned to their relatively more rapid rise.  The yield curve widened after narrowing further in the previous month.  Short-term rates have slowed their rise in rates but September marks the second month in a row where the one-month bill had a session with higher rates than the three-month bill and an inversion of the yield curve from the bottom up has been a steadfast indicator of recession.  No inversion has occurred yet but special attention needs to be paid to short-term rates in the near future.  All rates rose in September.

Gross Domestic Product by Land Area Worldwide

Oct 2, 2017
Scatter plot of area and GDP

The chart above shows economic output as it relates to land area.  The countries to the top left of the diagonal line have a gross domestic product (GDP) of over one million international dollars per square kilometer, while countries to the bottom left have a GDP that is less than one million dollars per square kilometer.  Asia has the countries with the largest ratios of GDP to area whereas the Africa has the countries with the smallest ratios of GDP to area.

Gross Domestic Product by Land Area in Oceania

Sep 29, 2017
Scatter plot of area and GDP

The chart above shows economic output as it relates to land area.  The countries to the top left of the diagonal line have a gross domestic product (GDP) of over one million international dollars per square kilometer, while countries to the bottom left have a GDP that is less than one million dollars per square kilometer.  Tuvalu, the Marshall Islands, and Tonga have the largest ratio of GDP to area whereas the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, and Papua New Guinea have the smallest ratio of GDP to area.

Gross Domestic Product by Land Area in Africa

Sep 28, 2017
Scatter plot of area and GDP

The chart above shows economic output as it relates to land area.  The countries to the top left of the diagonal line have a gross domestic product (GDP) of over one million international dollars per square kilometer, while countries to the bottom left have a GDP that is less than one million dollars per square kilometer.  Mauritius, Seychelles, and Nigeria have the largest ratio of GDP to area whereas the Central African Republic, Mauritania, and Niger have the smallest ratio of GDP to area.

Gross Domestic Product by Land Area in Asia

Sep 27, 2017
Scatter plot of area and GDP

The chart above shows economic output as it relates to land area.  The countries to the top left of the diagonal line have a gross domestic product (GDP) of over one million international dollars per square kilometer, while countries to the bottom left have a GDP that is less than one million dollars per square kilometer.  Singapore, Hong Kong, and Bahrain have the largest ratio of GDP to area whereas Mongolia, Afghanistan, and Yemen have the smallest ratio of GDP to area.

Gross Domestic Product by Land Area in Europe

Sep 26, 2017
Scatter plot of area and GDP

The chart above shows economic output as it relates to land area.  The countries to the top left of the diagonal line have a gross domestic product (GDP) of over one million international dollars per square kilometer, while countries to the bottom left have a GDP that is less than one million dollars per square kilometer.  Malta, San Marino, and Luxembourg have the largest ratio of GDP to area whereas Iceland, Moldova, and Ukraine have the smallest ratio of GDP to area.

Gross Domestic Product by Land Area in South America

Sep 25, 2017
Scatter plot of area and GDP

The chart above shows economic output as it relates to land area.  The countries to the top left of the diagonal line have a gross domestic product (GDP) of over one million international dollars per square kilometer, while countries to the bottom left have a GDP that is less than one million dollars per square kilometer.  Ecuador, Colombia, and Chile have the largest ratio of GDP to area whereas Paraguay, Suriname, and Guyana have the smallest ratio of GDP to area.

Gross Domestic Product by Land Area in North America

Sep 22, 2017
Scatter plot of area and GDP

The chart above shows economic output as it relates to land area.  The countries to the top left of the diagonal line have a gross domestic product (GDP) of over one million international dollars per square kilometer, while countries to the bottom left have a GDP that is less than one million dollars per square kilometer.  Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, and Barbados have the largest ratio of GDP to area whereas Nicaragua, Canada, and Belize have the smallest ratio of GDP to area.

The Correlation between Minimum Wage and Shadow Economies Worldwide

Sep 21, 2017
Scatter plot of shadow economies and GDP

Worldwide, the inverse correlation between the strength of the shadow economy and the minimum wage is pretty strong.  As the proportion of the shadow economy decreases, the minimum wage tends to go up.

The Correlation between Minimum Wage and Shadow Economies in Oceania

Sep 20, 2017
Scatter plot of shadow economies and GDP

In Oceania, the inverse correlation between the strength of the shadow economy and the minimum wage is extremely strong.  However, the sample size if four countries so it needs more data.


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