The chart above shows the annualized nominal gross domestic product (GDP) in each EU region as of the third quarter of 2020 in millions of euros, the change from the previous quarter, and the GDP one year prior. Every single region's economy grew over the past quarter and contracted over the past year.
- The difference between the region with the largest GDP, the Western EU, and the region with the smallest, the Northern EU, is €9,177,061.60 million (up from €8,261,962.80 million last quarter and down from €9,449,892.00 million last year). The Western and Northern EU had the largest and smallest GDP respectively both last quarter and last year.
- The Western EU has 9.98 times the GDP that the Northern EU does. The ratio of largest GDP to smallest GDP was up from 9.55 last quarter and down from 10.17 last year.
- Of the four regions, four saw a rise of GDP in current euros from the previous quarter while zero saw a contraction.
- Of the four regions, zero saw a rise of GDP in current euros from last year while four saw a contraction.
- Data is from the third quarter of 2019, the second quarter of 2020, and the third quarter of 2020.
- The data is seasonally adjusted in current euros.
- The data is annualized by multiplying the quarterly figure by four.
- All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.
- The Eastern EU consists of Poland, Czech Republic, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
- The Northern EU consists of Sweden, Denmark, and Finland.
- The Southern EU consists of Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Cyprus, and Malta.
- The Western EU consists of Germany, United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Ireland, and Luxembourg.
In absolute terms, the Northern EU had the worst performance over the previous quarter with a gain of €56,158.80 million. The Western EU had the best performance with a gain of €971,257.60 million. Year over year, the Western EU had the worst performance with a loss of €281,645.60 million while the Northern EU had the best performance with a loss of €8,815.20 million.
In relative terms, the Northern EU had the worst performance over the previous quarter with a 5.81% gain in GDP while the Southern EU had the best performance with a 14.75% gain in GDP. Year over year, the Southern EU had the worst performance with a 5.84% drop in GDP while the Northern EU had the best performance with a 0.86% drop in GDP.
The Western EU accounted for nearly two-thirds of the economic output of the EU at 63.98%. The largest contributor to the Western EU's GDP, Germany, accounted for just under one-third of the region's GDP at 32.89%. Italy, the Southern EU's largest contributor, accounted for over half of the region's GDP at 52.50%. Poland, the Eastern EU's largest economy contributed over one-third at 36.81% of the region's GDP. The Northern EU's largest economy, Sweden, made up nearly half of the region's GDP at 46.73%.
No region overcame another region in the quarter or over the past year. Although the Southern EU had the second largest economy overall, its component states had the second smallest median GDP at €184,076.6 million. The Northern EU which had the smallest GDP overall, had the second largest median GDP of component states at €306,762.0 million. The Western EU which had the largest economy, consists of the states with the largest median GDP at €636,605.6 million. And the Eastern EU which ranks third in overall GDP ranks last in the median GDP of its component states with a median GDP of €60,270.4 million.
Eurostat. 2020. "GDP and Main Components." Accessed December 28, 2020. https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-406779_QID_-417A9D0D_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;UNIT,L,Z,0;S_ADJ,L,Z,1;NA_ITEM,L,Z,2;INDICATORS,C,Z,3;&zSelection=DS-406779UNIT,CP_MEUR;DS-406779INDICATORS,OBS_FLAG;DS-406779NA_ITEM,B1GQ;DS-406779S_ADJ,SCA;&rankName1=UNIT_1_2_-1_2&rankName2=INDICATORS_1_2_-1_2&rankName3=NA-ITEM_1_2_-1_2&rankName4=S-ADJ_1_2_-1_2&rankName5=TIME_1_0_0_0&rankName6=GEO_1_2_0_1&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=NONE&time_most_recent=false&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23.%23%23%23.