The chart above shows the unemployment rate in each EU and US state as of February 2020 (unless otherwise noted - see caveats below), the change from the previous month, and the rate one year prior. Czechia, the Netherlands, and Poland are the only EU states with an unemployment rate below three percent. Fourteen US states have a rate below three percent.
- The difference between the state with the lowest unemployment rate, Czechia, and the state with the highest, Greece, is 14.30 percentage points (down from 14.50 last month and down from 16.60 last year). Czechia had the lowest rate last month and last year. Greece had the highest rate last month and last year.
- Greece has 8.15 times the unemployment rate that Czechia does. The ratio of highest rate to lowest rate was down from 8.25 last month and down from 9.74 last year.
- The median unemployment rate in the 28 EU states is 5.05 (up from 5.00 the previous month and down from 5.25 last year) and the mean 5.77 (down from 5.79 the previous month and down from 6.11 last year).
- The median unemployment rate in the 50 US states is 3.40 (down from 3.45 last month and down from 3.50 last year) and the mean 3.48 (down from 3.51 the previous month and down from 3.67 last year).
- The median unemployment rate in the 78 EU and US states is 3.60 (down from 3.65 last month and down from 3.80 last year) and the mean 4.30 (down from 4.33 the previous month and down from 4.54 last year).
- Forty-three states (30 from the US and 13 from the EU) did not see a change in their unemployment rate from the previous month, 27 saw an improvement (16 from the US and 11 from the EU), and 8 saw their rate increase (4 from the US and 4 from the EU).
- Seven states (5 from the US and 2 from the EU) did not see a change in their unemployment rate from last year, while 52 saw an improvement (32 from the US and 20 from the EU), and 19 saw their unemployment rate increase over the year (13 from the US and 6 from the EU).
- Data is from February 2020 except for Estonia and Hungary which are from January 2020 and Greece and the United Kingdom which are from December 2019 (previous month and year rates also reflect the respective one and two month delay).
- Data may conflict with previous month's report as statistical agencies make updates to the rates over the course of the month.
- All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.
In absolute terms, Greece, Cyprus, Portugal, Alaska, and Michigan had the greatest improvement over the previous month dropping 0.2 percentage points. Sweden had the biggest spike in its rate rising 0.4 percentage points. Year over year, Greece had the greatest improvement with a 2.2 percentage point drop while Sweden had the greatest deterioration with a 0.9 percentage point rise.
In relative terms, Michigan had the greatest improvement over the previous month with a 5.26% drop in its rate while Estonia had the biggest deterioration with a 6.82% rise in its rate. Year over year, South Carolina had the greatest improvement with a 26.47% drop in its rate while Pennsylvania had the greatest deterioration with a 14.63% rise in its rate.
Fifty states (41 from the US and 9 from the EU) have an unemployment rate below four percent (up from 49 - 40 US, 9 EU - last month and up from 41 - 33 US, 8 EU - last year) which traditionally has placed inflationary pressure on wages. Twenty-four (9 from the US and 15 from the EU) have a rate between four and eight percent (down from 25 - 10 US, 15 EU - last month, down from 33 - 17 US, 16 EU - last year), and four (0 from the US and 4 from the EU) have a rate above eight percent (same as 4 - 0 US, 4 EU - last month, same as 4 - 0 US, 4 EU - last year).
Michigan (from 44th lowest unemployment rate to 38th lowest) bested 6 states between last month and this month. On the other hand, Tennessee (from 24th to 29th) and Connecticut (from 40th to 45th) were each bested by 5 states. Year-over-year, Poland (from 38th to 15th) bested 23 states. Conversely, Delaware (from 25th to 48th) was bested by 23 states.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2020. "State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release." Accessed April 14, 2020. https://www.bls.gov/news.release/laus.htm.
Eurostat. 2020. "Unemployment by Sex and Age - Monthly Average." Accessed April 13, 2020. https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-055624_QID_-2827241C_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;S_ADJ,L,Z,0;AGE,L,Z,1;UNIT,L,Z,2;SEX,L,Z,3;INDICATORS,C,Z,4;&zSelection=DS-055624S_ADJ,SA;DS-055624UNIT,PC_ACT;DS-055624SEX,T;DS-055624AGE,TOTAL;DS-055624INDICATORS,OBS_FLAG;&rankName1=UNIT_1_2_-1_2&rankName2=AGE_1_2_-1_2&rankName3=INDICATORS_1_2_-1_2&rankName4=SEX_1_2_-1_2&rankName5=S-ADJ_1_2_-1_2&rankName6=TIME_1_0_0_0&rankName7=GEO_1_2_0_1&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=NONE&time_most_recent=false&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23.%23%23%23.