The chart above shows the unemployment rate in each EU region as of September 2019 (unless otherwise noted - see caveats below), the change from the previous month, and the rate one year prior. The Western EU is the only region with an unemployment rate smaller than the previous month and smaller than last year.
- The difference between the region with the lowest unemployment rate, the Eastern EU, and the region with the highest, the Southern EU, is 7.99 percentage points (up from 7.93 last month and down from 8.15 last year). The Eastern and Southern EU held the lowest and highest rates respectively both last month and last year.
- The Southern EU has 3.11 times the unemployment rate that the Eastern EU does (same as 3.11 last month and up from 2.94 last year).
- The Southern EU has an unemployment rate that is higher than every state in every other region.
- One region saw an improvement in its rate from the previous month while three saw a deterioration.
- Three regions saw an improvement in their rate from last year while one saw a deterioration.
- Data is from September 2019 except for Estonia and Hungary which are from August 2019 and Greece and the United Kingdom which are from July 2019 (previous month and year rates also reflect the respective one and two month delay).
- Data may conflict with previous month's report as statistical agencies make updates to the rates over the course of the month.
- All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.
- The Eastern EU consists of Poland, Czechia, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
- The Northern EU consists of Sweden, Denmark, and Finland.
- The Southern EU consists of Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Cyprus, and Malta.
- The Western EU consists of Germany, United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Ireland, and Luxembourg.
- Data for individual states is available in the EU unemployment rate post.
In absolute terms, the Western EU had the biggest monthly improvement dropping its rate 0.03 percentage points from 4.76% to 4.73%. The Southern EU had the largest increase over the previous month raising its rate 0.09 percentage points from 11.69% to 11.78%. Year over year, the Southern EU saw the greatest improvement dropping its rate 0.58 percentage points from 12.36% to 11.78%. The Northern EU had the largest increase raising its rate 0.47 percentage points from 6.20% to 6.67%.
In relative terms, the Western EU had the biggest monthly improvement dropping its rate 0.63%. The Northern EU had the largest deterioration over the previous month raising its rate 0.91%. Year over year, the Eastern EU saw the greatest improvement with a 9.98% drop in its rate. The Northern EU had the largest deterioration with a 7.58% rise in its rate.
The Eastern EU has an unemployment rate lower than all Northern EU states; Czechia, Poland, Hungary, Malta, Germany, and the Netherlands are the only states with lower rates. The Southern EU has an unemployment rate that is higher than every state in every other region; Greece and Spain are the only states with a higher rate.
The Northern EU has the smallest range in unemployment rates this month with a low of 5.3% in Denmark to a high of 7.4% in Sweden. The Southern EU has the greatest range with a low of 3.4% in Malta to a high of 16.9% in Greece.
Eurostat. 2019. "Unemployment by Sex and Age - Monthly Average." Accessed November 6, 2019. https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-055624_QID_7F052ED0_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;S_ADJ,L,Z,0;AGE,L,Z,1;UNIT,L,Z,2;SEX,L,Z,3;INDICATORS,C,Z,4;&zSelection=DS-055624SEX,T;DS-055624UNIT,PC_ACT;DS-055624S_ADJ,SA;DS-055624AGE,TOTAL;DS-055624INDICATORS,OBS_FLAG;&rankName1=UNIT_1_2_-1_2&rankName2=AGE_1_2_-1_2&rankName3=INDICATORS_1_2_-1_2&rankName4=SEX_1_2_-1_2&rankName5=S-ADJ_1_2_-1_2&rankName6=TIME_1_0_0_0&rankName7=GEO_1_2_0_1&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=NONE&time_most_recent=false&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23.%23%23%23.