The chart above shows the per capita annualized nominal gross domestic product (GDP) in each US state as of the first quarter of 2019 in dollars, the change from the previous quarter, and the GDP one year prior. Four states saw their per capita GDP shrink over the previous quarter.
- The difference between the state with the largest per capita GDP, Massachusetts, and the state with the smallest, Mississippi, is $49,554.36 (up from $48,906.59 last quarter and up from $47,468.66 last year). New York and Mississippi had the largest and smallest per capita GDP respectively both last quarter and last year.
- Massachusetts has 2.26 times the per capita GDP that Mississippi does. The ratio of largest per capita GDP to smallest per capita GDP was up from 2.25 last quarter and same as 2.26 last year.
- The median per capita GDP in the 50 US states is $62,283.54 (up from $61,766.77 last quarter and up from $59,285.54 last year) and the mean $63,542.67 (up from $63,032.06 the previous quarter and up from $60,638.96 last year).
- Forty-six states saw their per capita GDP rise in current dollars from the previous quarter while four saw their per capita GDP drop.
- All 50 states saw their per capita GDP rise in current dollars from last year.
- GDP data is from the first quarter of 2019, the fourth quarter of 2018, and the first quarter of 2018.
- Census data is from 2010.
- The data is seasonally adjusted in current dollars.
- Growth rates may differ from those provided by the Bureau of Economic Analysis as the BEA's growth rates are based on chained dollars in conjunction with the chain index or the quality index for real GDP.
- All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.
In absolute terms, Wyoming saw the largest decrease over the previous quarter with a drop of $836.20. Washington had the largest growth with a gain of $1,101.95. Year over year, Rhode Island had the smallest increase with a gain of $1,353.55 while Washington had the greatest increase with a gain of $5,604.31.
In relative terms, Wyoming had the largest decrease over the previous quarter with a 1.18% drop in per capita GDP while Nevada had the greatest increase with a 1.41% rise in per capita GDP. Year over year, Rhode Island had the smallest growth with a 2.35% rise in per capita GDP while Washington had the largest growth with a 6.90% rise in per capita GDP.
The number of states with a per capita GDP of over $80,000 increased from four last year to six this past quarter. Conversely, the number of states with a per capita GDP of less than $50,000 went from ten last year to seven this past quarter.
Five states surpassed one state each from the previous quarter: New Jersey surpassed Texas and went from being the state with the 12th highest per capita GDP to the state with the 11th highest, Minnesota surpassed Wyoming to go from 14th to 13th, Florida overtook Louisiana to go from 35th to 34th, Missouri overtook Oklahoma to go from 40th to 39th, and Maine passed New Mexico to go from 45th highest per capita GDP to 44th. Year over year, one state rose up two spots: Ohio (31st to 29th). Twelve states surpassed one state each: Washington (4th to 3rd), Minnesota (14th to 13th), Illinois (17th to 16th), Utah (20th to 19th), Georgia (26th to 25th), North Carolina (28th to 27th), Tennessee (32nd to 31st), Florida (35th to 34th), Arizona (37th to 36th), Missouri (40th to 39th), Idaho (43rd to 42nd), and New Mexico (46th to 45th). Rhode Island had the notable distinction of being surpassed by three states from the previous year going from 29th highest per capita GDP to 32nd highest. Eleven states were each surpassed by one state: Delaware (3rd to 4th), Wyoming (13th to 14th), Nebraska (16th to 17th), New Hampshire (19th to 20th), Iowa (25th to 26th), Wisconsin (27th to 28th), Louisiana (34th to 35th), Vermont (36th to 37th), Oklahoma (39th to 40th), Montana (42nd to 43rd), and Kentucky (45th to 46th).
|State||First Quarter 2018||Fourth Quarter 2018||First Quarter 2019|
US Bureau of Economic Analysis. 2019. "GDP by State." Accessed August 18, 2019. https://www.bea.gov/data/gdp/gdp-state.
United States Census Bureau. September 2012. "United States Summary: 2010: Population and Housing Unit Counts." Accessed January 23, 2018. https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/cph-2-1.pdf.