EU States by Annual Riders per Kilometer of Subway Track

Apr 29, 2019
Annual Riders per Kilometer of Track in EU States

The chart above shows the number of annual riders for every kilometer of track in each state.  One million annual riders is the equivalent of 2,740 riders a day.  So the Netherlands has 3,808 daily riders for every kilometer of track while Hungary has 29,452.


  • The difference between the state with the most annual riders per kilometer of track, Hungary, and the state with the least (that has a subway system), the Netherlands, is 9.36 million.
  • Hungary has 7.73 times the annual riders per kilometer of track that the Netherlands does.
  • Italy has seven subway systems, France has six, the United Kingdom and Germany each have four, Spain has three, and the Netherlands has two, all other states have one.
  • The median number of annual riders per kilometer of track in states that have a subway is 3.27 million and the mean 4.00 million.


  • Data is from 2017.
  • Greece is currently working on building a subway system for Thessaloniki which is expected to have 3.70 million annual riders per kilometer of track.
  • All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.


The United Kingdom has the most subway track but comes in second in subway riders while France leads in subway riders and comes in fourth in length of track.  It is Hungary however who ranks first in number of riders per kilometer of track as its relatively small subway system packs in a healthy amount of riders.

Italy has seven heavy rail systems.  The Milan Metro has 5.64 million annual riders per kilometer, the Rome Metro has 4.65, the Naples Metro has 2.07, the Turin Metro has 3.11, the Brescia Metro has 1.27, the Catania Metro has 0.66, and the Genoa Metro has 1.55.  France has 7.10 million annual riders per kilometer in the Paris Metro, 2.39 in the Lille Metro, 6.19 in the Lyon Metro, 3.93 in the Toulouse Metro, 3.53 in the Marseille Metro, and 3.65 in the Rennes Metro.  The United Kingdom has two systems in London, one in Newcastle, and one in Glasgow.  The London Underground has 3.43 million annual riders per kilometer, the Tyne and Wear Metro in Newcastle has 0.49, the Docklands Light Railway in London has 3.60, and the Glasgow Subway has 1.10.  Germany has 3.71 million annual riders per kilometer in the Berlin U-Bahn, 4.32 in the Munich U-Bahn, 2.29 in the Hamburg U-Bahn, and 3.58 in the Nuremberg U-Bahn.  Spain has 2.17 in the Madrid Metro, 3.23 in the Barcelona Metro, and 1.96 in the Metro Bilbao.  The Netherlands has 1.19 million annual riders per kilometer in the Rotterdam Metro and 1.79 in the Amsterdam Metro.


StateCityNameKilometers of TrackRiders (in millions)
BelgiumBrusselsBrussels Metro39.9151.6
BulgariaSofiaSofia Metro4089.7
Czech RepublicPraguePrague Metro65.2435.6
DenmarkCopenhagenCopenhagen Metro20.463.5
FinlandHelsinkiHelsinki Metro3567.5
FranceLilleLille Metro45107.5
FranceMarseilleMarseille Metro21.575.9
FranceRennesRennes Metro9.434.3
FranceToulouseToulouse Metro28.2110.9
FranceLyonLyon Metro32198.2
FranceParisParis Metro2141,518.6
GermanyHamburgHamburg U-Bahn106.1242.5
GermanyNurembergNuremberg U-Bahn36128.85
GermanyBerlinBerlin U-Bahn151.7563
GermanyMunichMunich U-Bahn95410
GreeceAthensAthens Metro84.7264.4
HungaryBudapestBudapest Metro38.2410.6
ItalyCataniaCatania Metro8.85.8
ItalyBresciaBrescia Metro13.717.4
ItalyGenoaGenoa Metro7.111
ItalyNaplesNaples Metro20.542.5
ItalyTurinTurin Metro13.241.1
ItalyRomeRome Metro60279
ItalyMilanMilan Metro101569.5
NetherlandsRotterdamRotterdam Metro78.393
NetherlandsAmsterdamAmsterdam Metro41.273.7
PolandWarsawWarsaw Metro29187.3
PortugalLisbonLisbon Metro44.1161.5
RomaniaBucharestBucharest Metro71.4179.1
SpainBilbaoMetro Bilbao45.188.2
SpainMadridMadrid Metro288.5626.4
SpainBarcelonaBarcelona Metro120.7390.4
SwedenStockholmStockholm Metro108353
United KingdomNewcastleTyne and Wear Metro77.537.7
United KingdomGlasgowGlasgow Subway10.411.4
United KingdomLondonLondon Underground4021,378
United KingdomLondonDocklands Light Railway34122.3


Wikipedia.  2019.  "List of Metro Systems."  Accessed February 24, 2019.

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