EU States by Annual Riders per Subway Station

Apr 19, 2019
Annual Riders per Subway Station in EU States

The chart above shows the number of annual riders for every subway station in each EU state.  One million annual riders is the equivalent of 2,740 riders a day.  So the Netherlands has 4,521 daily riders for every station while Hungary has 23,425.


  • The difference between the state with the most annual riders per subway station, Hungary, and the state with the least (that has a subway system), the Netherlands, is 6.9 million.
  • Hungary has 5.18 times the annual riders per subway station that the Netherlands does.
  • Italy has seven subway systems, France has six, the United Kingdom and Germany each have four, Spain has three, and the Netherlands has two, all other states have one.
  • The median number of annual riders per station in states that have a subway is 3.53 million and the mean 3.98 million.


  • Data is from 2017.
  • Greece is currently working on building a subway system for Thessaloniki which is expected to have 3.44 million annual riders per station which would bring Greece down to 4.01 million riders per station.
  • All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.


Even though France has the most subway stations in the EU and the most subway ridership, it only ranks fifth in the number of riders per station.  It has ten times as many stations as Hungary does, the leader in this metric, but only five times as many riders.

Italy has seven heavy rail systems.  The Milan Metro has 5.37 million annual riders per station, the Rome Metro has 3.82, the Naples Metro has 1.93, the Turin Metro has 1.96, the Brescia Metro has 1.02, the Catania Metro has 0.58, and the Genoa Metro has 1.38.  France has 5.03 million annual riders per station in the Paris Metro, 1.79 in the Lille Metro, 4.96 in the Lyon Metro, 3.00 in the Toulouse Metro, 2.71 in the Marseille Metro, and 2.29 in the Rennes Metro.  The United Kingdom has two systems in London, one in Newcastle, and one in Glasgow.  The London Underground has 5.10 million annual riders per station, the Tyne and Wear Metro in Newcastle has 0.73, the Docklands Light Railway in London has 2.72, and the Glasgow Subway has 0.76.  Germany has 3.25 million annual riders per station in the Berlin U-Bahn, 4.27 in the Munich U-Bahn, 2.64 in the Hamburg U-Bahn, and 2.68 in the Nuremberg U-Bahn.  Spain has 2.60 in the Madrid Metro, 2.15 in the Barcelona Metro, and 2.15 in the Metro Bilbao.  The Netherlands has 1.50 million annual riders per station in the Rotterdam Metro and 1.89 in the Amsterdam Metro.


StateCityNameStationsRiders (in millions)
BelgiumBrusselsBrussels Metro59151.6
BulgariaSofiaSofia Metro3489.7
Czech RepublicPraguePrague Metro58435.6
DenmarkCopenhagenCopenhagen Metro2263.5
FinlandHelsinkiHelsinki Metro2567.5
FranceLilleLille Metro60107.5
FranceLyonLyon Metro40198.2
FranceMarseilleMarseille Metro2875.9
FranceParisParis Metro3021,518.6
FranceRennesRennes Metro1534.3
FranceToulouseToulouse Metro37110.9
GermanyBerlinBerlin U-Bahn173563
GermanyHamburgHamburg U-Bahn92242.5
GermanyMunichMunich U-Bahn96410
GermanyNurembergNuremberg U-Bahn48128.85
GreeceAthensAthens Metro61264.4
HungaryBudapestBudapest Metro48410.6
ItalyBresciaBrescia Metro1717.4
ItalyCataniaCatania Metro105.8
ItalyGenoaGenoa Metro811
ItalyMilanMilan Metro106569.5
ItalyNaplesNaples Metro2242.5
ItalyRomeRome Metro73279
ItalyTurinTurin Metro2141.1
NetherlandsAmsterdamAmsterdam Metro3973.7
NetherlandsRotterdamRotterdam Metro6293
PolandWarsawWarsaw Metro27187.3
PortugalLisbonLisbon Metro56161.5
RomaniaBucharestBucharest Metro47179.1
SpainBarcelonaBarcelona Metro182390.4
SpainBilbaoMetro Bilbao4188.2
SpainMadridMadrid Metro241626.4
SwedenStockholmStockholm Metro100353
United KingdomGlasgowGlasgow Subway1511.4
United KingdomLondonDocklands Light Railway45122.3
United KingdomLondonLondon Underground2701,378
United KingdomNewcastleTyne and Wear Metro6037.7


Wikipedia.  2019.  "List of Metro Systems."  Accessed February 24, 2019.

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