The chart above shows the ratio of the state's proportion of unemployed people in the EU to the state's proportion of total people in the EU. Nine states have an unemployed population that makes up a larger proportion of the EU total than their total population does. For instance, Spain's unemployed account for 20.05% of the total unemployed people in the EU whereas Spain's population only accounts for 9.20% of the total EU population, thus its ratio of unemployed within the EU to total people within the EU is 2.18, or its unemployed population accounts for over twice as much of the EU total than its total population does.
- The difference between the state with the lowest ratio of unemployed within the EU to people within the EU, the Czech Republic, and the state with the highest, Greece, is 2.18.
- The Czech Republic has 0.14 times the ratio that Greece does.
- Croatia is the only state whose unemployed and total population make up the same percentage of the EU's unemployed and total population respectively.
- Unemployment data is from December 2018 except for Estonia and Hungary which are from November 2018 and Greece and the United Kingdom which are from October 2018.
- Population data is from 2011.
- All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.
Three EU states each make up more than ten percent of the EU's unemployed population: Spain, France, and Italy. Of these, Spain is the only one whose population does not also make up over ten percent of the EU's population. Of the four states whose population makes up more than ten percent of the EU's, Germany and the United Kingdom have an unemployed population that makes up less than ten percent of the EU's.
Only Spain and Greece have an unemployed population that is more than double the size of their total population when compared to the EU totals. On the flip side, the Czech Republic's unemployed population as a percent of the EU's makes up only a third of its total population as a percent of the EU's. Poland and Romania also have unemployed populations that are less than half what their total population would suggest they should be when compared to the EU as a whole.
|State||Unemployed||Population||Percent of EU Unemployed||Percent of EU Population|
Eurostat. 2017. "Population on 1 January by Age Groups and Sex - Functional Urban Areas." Accessed December 11, 2017. http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=urb_lpop1&lang=en.
Eurostat. 2019. "Unemployment by Sex and Age - Monthly Average." Accessed February 6, 2019. http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-055624_QID_6C6753DD_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;S_ADJ,L,Z,0;AGE,L,Z,1;UNIT,L,Z,2;SEX,L,Z,3;INDICATORS,C,Z,4;&zSelection=DS-055624SEX,T;DS-055624UNIT,PC_ACT;DS-055624S_ADJ,SA;DS-055624AGE,TOTAL;DS-055624INDICATORS,OBS_FLAG;&rankName1=TIME_1_0_0_0&rankName2=UNIT_1_2_-1_2&rankName3=GEO_1_2_0_1&rankName4=AGE_1_2_-1_2&rankName5=INDICATORS_1_2_-1_2&rankName6=SEX_1_2_-1_2&rankName7=S-ADJ_1_2_-1_2&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=NONE&time_most_recent=false&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23.%23%23%23.