EU Unemployment Rates, December 2018

Feb 7, 2019
Unemployment Rate in EU States

The chart above shows the unemployment rate in each EU state as of December 2018 (unless otherwise noted).  The Czech Republic is the only state with a rate below three percent.


  • The difference between the state with the lowest unemployment rate, the Czech Republic, and the state with the highest, Greece, is 16.5 percentage points.
  • The Czech Republic has 0.11 times - or nearly one-tenth - the unemployment rate that Greece does.
  • The median unemployment rate in the 28 EU states is 5.25 and the mean 6.30.


  • Data is from December 2018 except for Estonia and Hungary which are from November 2018 and Greece and the United Kingdom which are from October 2018.
  • All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.


Seven EU states have an unemployment rate below four percent which traditionally has placed inflationary pressure on wages.  Sixteen have a rate between four and eight percent, and five have a rate above eight percent which means that at least nearly one-tenth of the population is out of work and seeking it.

What is concerning is that this supposedly cohesive economic bloc has such a large range in unemployment rates where the highest rate is nearly nine times larger than the lowest one.  This surely is a failure of the EU as a whole in not being able to address it as this disparity has been going on for a while now.


Eurostat.  2019.  "Unemployment by Sex and Age - Monthly Average."  Accessed February 6, 2019.,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;S_ADJ,L,Z,0;AGE,L,Z,1;UNIT,L,Z,2;SEX,L,Z,3;INDICATORS,C,Z,4;&zSelection=DS-055624SEX,T;DS-055624UNIT,PC_ACT;DS-055624S_ADJ,SA;DS-055624AGE,TOTAL;DS-055624INDICATORS,OBS_FLAG;&rankName1=TIME_1_0_0_0&rankName2=UNIT_1_2_-1_2&rankName3=GEO_1_2_0_1&rankName4=AGE_1_2_-1_2&rankName5=INDICATORS_1_2_-1_2&rankName6=SEX_1_2_-1_2&rankName7=S-ADJ_1_2_-1_2&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=NONE&time_most_recent=false&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23.%23%23%23.

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