Transportation-Based Carbon Dioxide Emissions for Every Thousand Euros of GDP in EU Regions

May 11, 2018
Chart of Transportation-Based Emissions of Carbon Dioxide per Unit of Economic Output in EU Regions

The chart above shows transportation-based carbon dioxide emissions broken down by economic output in EU regions.  The Northern EU is by far the leading emitter of transportation-based carbon dioxide in this metric.


  • The difference between the region with the most emissions per thousand euros of GDP, the Northern EU, and the region with the least, the Western EU, is 36.28 metric tons.
  • The Northern EU emits 2.34 times the carbon dioxide per thousand dollars of GDP that the Western EU does.
  • Only the Northern EU emits more than 50 metric tons in this metric.


  • GDP data is from 2016.
  • Emissions data is from 2013.
  • All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.
  • The Northern EU consists of Sweden, Denmark, and Finland.
  • The Eastern EU consists of Poland, Czech Republic, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
  • The Southern EU consists of Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Cyprus, and Malta.
  • The Western EU consists of Germany, United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Ireland, and Luxembourg.


Only one state (Luxembourg) from the Western EU tops the Northern EU's rate while only one state (Sweden) from the Northern EU emits less than the Western EU as a whole.  The Northern EU emits the most on a per capita basis as well.

The European Union as a whole emits 31.66 metric tons of carbon dioxide per thousand euros of GDP from transportation sources annually ranking it way under the Eastern EU and just above the Southern EU.


Eurostat.  2017.  "Data Explorer."  Accessed December 11, 2017.

Eurostat.  2017.  "Gross Domestic Product at Market Prices.  Accessed October 26, 2017.

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