The chart above shows the annualized nominal gross domestic product (GDP) in each EU region as of the second quarter of 2021 in millions of euros, the change from five years ago, and the GDP ten years prior. Every single region's economy grew both over the past five and ten years.
- The difference between the region with the largest GDP, the Western EU, and the region with the smallest, the Northern EU, is €9,752,314.40 million (up from €8,709,141.60 million five years ago and up from €7,281,514.80 million ten years ago). The Western and Northern EU had the largest and smallest GDP respectively both five and ten years ago.
- The Western EU has 9.87 times the GDP that the Northern EU does. The ratio of largest GDP to smallest GDP was down from 9.98 five years ago and up from 9.49 ten years ago.
- Of the four regions, 4 regions had the GDP rise in current euros over the past five years while 0 had a decline.
- Of the four regions, 4 regions had the GDP rise in current euros over the past ten years while 0 had a decline.
- Data is from the second quarters of 2021, 2016, and 2011.
- The data is seasonally adjusted in current euros.
- The data is annualized by multiplying the quarterly figure by four.
- All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.
- The Eastern EU consists of Poland, Czech Republic, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
- The Northern EU consists of Sweden, Denmark, and Finland.
- The Southern EU consists of Italy, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Cyprus, and Malta.
- The Western EU consists of Germany, United Kingdom, France, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Ireland, and Luxembourg.
In absolute terms, the Northern EU had the worst performance over the past five years with a gain of €130,294.40 million. The Western EU had the best performance with a gain of €1,173,467.20 million. Over the past ten years, the Southern EU had the worst performance with a gain of €217,770.40 million while the Western EU had the best performance with a gain of €2,713,083.60 million.
In relative terms, the Southern EU had the worst performance over the past five years with a 5.18% rise in GDP while the Eastern EU had the best performance with a 31.55% rise in GDP. Over the past ten years, the Southern EU had the worst performance with a 6.95% rise in GDP while the Eastern EU had the best performance with a 47.25% rise in GDP.
There were 0 regions with a GDP of over €10,000,000 million ten years ago, 0 regions five years ago, and 1 region now. On the flip side, there was 1 region with a GDP of less than €1,000,000 million ten years ago, 1 region five years ago, and 0 regions now.
The Northern EU has a smaller GDP than the GDP of the Eastern EU five years ago. The Northern and Eastern EU have a smaller GDP today than the Southern EU did five and ten years ago. The Northern, Eastern, and Southern EU have a smaller GDP today than the Western EU did five and ten years ago.
Eurostat. 2021. "GDP and Main Components." Accessed December 1, 2021. https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-406779_QID_-29650BF8_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;UNIT,L,Z,0;S_ADJ,L,Z,1;NA_ITEM,L,Z,2;INDICATORS,C,Z,3;&zSelection=DS-406779UNIT,CP_MEUR;DS-406779INDICATORS,OBS_FLAG;DS-406779NA_ITEM,B1GQ;DS-406779S_ADJ,SCA;&rankName1=UNIT_1_2_-1_2&rankName2=INDICATORS_1_2_-1_2&rankName3=NA-ITEM_1_2_-1_2&rankName4=S-ADJ_1_2_-1_2&rankName5=TIME_1_0_0_0&rankName6=GEO_1_2_0_1&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=NONE&time_most_recent=false&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23.%23%23%23.
Federal Reserve. 2021. "Foreign Exchange Rates." Accessed December 2, 2021. https://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/g5/.
Office for National Statistics. 2021. "Gross Domestic Product at market prices: Current price: Seasonally adjusted £m - Office for National Statistics." Accessed December 1, 2021. https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/grossdomesticproductgdp/timeseries/ybha/ukea.