The chart above shows the unemployment rate in each EU and US state as of September 2021 (unless otherwise noted - see caveats below), the change from the previous month, and the rate one year prior. Czechia, Idaho, Nebraska, New Hampshire, South Dakota, Utah, and Vermont are the only states with a rate below three percent.
- The difference between the state with the lowest unemployment rate, Nebraska, and the state with the highest, Spain, is 12.60 percentage points (same as 12.60 last month and down from 13.80 last year). Nebraska had the lowest rate last month and Czechia had the lowest rate last year. Greece and Spain had the highest rate last month and Greece had the highest rate last year.
- Spain has 7.30 times the unemployment rate that Nebraska does. The ratio of highest rate to lowest rate was up from 6.73 last month and up from 5.93 last year.
- The median unemployment rate in the 28 EU states is 5.45 (down from 5.75 the previous month and down from 6.80 last year) and the mean 6.09 (down from 6.27 the previous month and down from 7.30 last year).
- The median unemployment rate in the 50 US states is 4.60 (down from 4.85 last month and down from 7.00 last year) and the mean 4.75 (down from 4.92 the previous month and down from 7.10 last year).
- The median unemployment rate in the 78 EU and US states is 4.90 (down from 5.00 last month and down from 7.00 last year) and the mean 5.23 (down from 5.41 the previous month and down from 7.17 last year).
- Of the 78 states, 12 (7 US, 5 EU) saw no change in the unemployment rate from the previous month, 61 saw an improvement (41 US, 20 EU), and 5 saw the rate increase (2 US, 3 EU).
- Of the 78 states, 1 (0 US, 1 EU) saw no change in the unemployment rate from last year, 74 saw an improvement (50 US, 24 EU), and 3 saw the unemployment rate increase over the year (0 US, 3 EU).
- Data is from September 2021 except for Estonia and Hungary which are from August 2021, and Greece and the United Kingdom which are from July 2021 (previous month and year rates also reflect the respective one, two, and three month delay).
- Data may conflict with previous month's report as statistical agencies make updates to the rates over the course of the month.
- All figures are rounded to the nearest hundredth.
In absolute terms, Cyprus had the best performance over the previous month dropping 0.8 percentage points. Finland had the worst performance rising 0.5 percentage points. Year over year, Hawaii had the best performance with a 8.2 percentage point drop while Bulgaria had the worst performance with a 0.2 percentage point rise.
In relative terms, Cyprus had the best performance over the previous month with a 18.18% drop in the rate while Finland had the worst performance with a 6.94% rise in the rate. Year over year, Cyprus had the best performance with a 60.44% drop in the rate while Bulgaria had the worst performance with a 3.77% rise in the rate.
Of the 78 states, 23 states (16 US, 7 EU) have an unemployment rate below four percent (up from 20 - 14 US, 6 EU - last month, up from 3 - 1 US, 2 EU - last year) which traditionally has placed inflationary pressure on wages, 51 (34 US, 17 EU) have a rate between four and eight percent (down from 54 - 36 US, 18 EU - last month, down from 55 - 39 US, 16 EU - last year), and 4 (0 US, 4 EU) have a rate above eight percent (same as 4 - 0 US, 4 EU - last month, down from 20 - 10 US, 10 EU - last year).
Cyprus (from 30th lowest unemployment rate to 17th lowest out of 78) rose 13 spots between last month and this month. On the other hand, Finland (from 65th to 73rd) fell 8 spots. Year-over-year, Cyprus (from 68th to 17th) rose 51 spots. Conversely, Bulgaria (from 19th to 49th) fell 30 spots.
Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2021. "State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release." Accessed November 4, 2021. https://www.bls.gov/news.release/laus.htm.
Eurostat. 2021. "Unemployment by Sex and Age - Monthly Average." Accessed November 5, 2021. https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?query=BOOKMARK_DS-055624_QID_-3655DA01_UID_-3F171EB0&layout=TIME,C,X,0;GEO,L,Y,0;S_ADJ,L,Z,0;AGE,L,Z,1;UNIT,L,Z,2;SEX,L,Z,3;INDICATORS,C,Z,4;&zSelection=DS-055624AGE,TOTAL;DS-055624S_ADJ,SA;DS-055624UNIT,PC_ACT;DS-055624SEX,T;DS-055624INDICATORS,OBS_FLAG;&rankName1=UNIT_1_2_-1_2&rankName2=AGE_1_2_-1_2&rankName3=INDICATORS_1_2_-1_2&rankName4=SEX_1_2_-1_2&rankName5=S-ADJ_1_2_-1_2&rankName6=TIME_1_0_0_0&rankName7=GEO_1_2_0_1&sortC=ASC_-1_FIRST&rStp=&cStp=&rDCh=&cDCh=&rDM=true&cDM=true&footnes=false&empty=false&wai=false&time_mode=NONE&time_most_recent=false&lang=EN&cfo=%23%23%23%2C%23%23%23.%23%23%23.
Office for National Statistics. 2021. "X01: Labour Force Survey Single-Month Estimates." Accessed November 5, 2021. https://www.ons.gov.uk/employmentandlabourmarket/peopleinwork/employmentandemployeetypes/datasets/labourforcesurveysinglemonthestimatesx01.